CAEI

Rusia, Cáucaso & Asia Central

Coordinador

Tomás C. Gerbasio

Coordinador - Rusia & CEI

  • Working Paper #
    54
    Martín Rodríguez Ossés y Martín Pizzi
  • Working Paper #
    52
    Pablo Ivalde
  • Working Paper #
    51
    Pablo Adrián Ivalde
    El cotrato  por la central Chihuido se analizará en junio en el Marco del Foro Económico Internacional de San Petersburgo, donde se impulsaría la firma del acuerdo entre ambos países para materializar obras en vísperas de las elecciones en Argentina.  
  • Working Paper #
    50
    Martín Rodríguez Osses
    Fue asesinado Boris Nemtsov, uno de los principales opositores al Kremlin, mientras paseaba por la calle con una mujer ucraniana cerca de uno de los puentes que dan a la Plaza Roja (un sector denominado Vasilyevsky Spusk). Su acompañante no resultó herida. Sobre la misma todavía persisten dudas, por lo publicado en los distintos medios, sobre si era la mujer de Nemtsov o se trataba de una modelo ucraniana de 23 años; pero por las primeras declaraciones todo parecería indicar que se trata de la segunda opción. Nemtsov se encontraba diseñando los últimos arreglos para la marcha de mañana (...
  • Working Paper #
    49
    Tomás C. Gerbasio
    Turkey-Azerbaijan relations have been on a steady rise ever since the latter’s independence. Close political support and increasing economic relations have raised this bond to a “strategic partnership” between brother peoples, which also have close ethno-cultural ties that have facilitated the tight partnership, exemplified by the famous quote “One Nation, Two States”. After 20 years of bilateral relations it is imperative to analyze whether these have reached what Constructivism terms as “Kantian culture”, were States perceive each other as “friends” identifying each other’s security as...
  • Working Paper #
    49
    Tomás C. Gerbasio
    Turkey-Azerbaijan relations have been on a steady rise ever since the latter’s independence. Close political support and increasing economic relations have raised this bond to a “strategic partnership” between brother peoples, which also have close ethno-cultural ties that have facilitated the tight partnership, exemplified by the famous quote “One Nation, Two States”. After 20 years of bilateral relations it is imperative to analyze whether these have reached what Constructivism terms as “Kantian culture”, were States perceive each other as “friends” identifying each other’s security as...
  • Working Paper #
    48
    Victor Krasílshchikov
    La última crisis económica-financiera de los años 2008­09 mostró la vulnerabilidad de la economía rusa ante las fluctuaciones del mercado mundial. Como se podía concluir, observando la evolución de la crisis de octubre de 2008 y después, en la economía rusa existían todos los rasgos de las economías dependientes. Esta circunstancia, en primer lugar, nos admite aplicar a la investigación de la economía rusa, con modificaciones correspondientes, las principales ideas y conceptos elaborados en la segunda mitad del siglo pasado para el análisis del desarrollo económico y social latinoamericano....
  • Working Paper #
    47
    Gani Nasirov
    The five-day war in August 2008 between Russia and Georgia over the break-away regions of South Ossetia and Abkhazia was the first case in the post-Soviet era when the Russian military arsenal intervened into territory of an independent sovereign state in the former Soviet Union. The implications of the war were not only limited to the relationship between Russia and Georgia, and Georgia’s foreign policy and security arrangements, but also alerted all the former Soviet republics to re-consider their foreign policy considerations. Moreover, Russian coercive foreign policy and penetration into...
  • Working Paper #
    45
    Márton Tompos
    Kyrgyzstan’s international affairs have two aspects: on one hand, bordering China, the traditionally present Russia and the always interested USA are competing with each other for the better partnership with the Kyrgyz government. On the other hand, neighboring Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan and Tajikistan are all showing different faces to Kyrgyzstan, challenging and helping Bishkek at the same time. Despite the lack of considerable amount of natural resources in the country, Kyrgyzstan, thanks to its location, is still a crucial target for all three superpowers.
  • Working Paper #
    45
    Alexander Rondeli
    Dr. Alexander Rondeli is President of the Georgian Foundation for Strategic and International Studies (GFSIS). Ph.D. in Geography from Tbilisi State University (1974). From 1997 to 2001 he served as a Director of the Foreign Policy Research and Analysis Center at the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Georgia. Prior to that, in 1991-1996, he was a Chair of an International Relations Department. at the Tbilisi State University.
  • Working Paper #
    44
    Tedo Japaridze and Ilia Roubanis
    The quest for energy security will no doubt be a major arena for the consolidation of a new international status quo in the following years. One of the reasons for this assertion is that the traditional north-south patterns of energy consumption are now being radically transformed; most dramatically, China evolved from being a net exporter of oil in 1993 to being dependent on oil imports for over 50% of its consumption in 2004. In fact the case of China epitomizes the erosion of traditional North-South notions of economic regionalism we have held for decades in terms of economic development,...
  • Working Paper #
    43
    Oleksiy Poltorakov
  • Working Paper #
    42
    Alicia Chicharro Lázaro
    Muchas son las metáforas usadas para calificar el régimen político de la República de Belarús: país olvidado, nación desnacionalizada, museo de la antigua URSS, parque temático soviético4 o agujero negro de Europa. Lo cierto es que a punto de finalizar la primera década del siglo XXI, podemos afirmar que Belarús es el único país europeo donde continúa existiendo un régimen autoritario que desafía las más mínimas reglas democráticas. Resulta llamativo que un régimen de estas características sea capaz de perdurar en el tiempo cuando, por una parte, los demás países de su entorno han...
  • Working Paper #
    41
    Zeyneb Temnenko
    The work highlights the role of Hizb ut-Tahrir, an international religious organization, in Crimea, Ukraine. The essay focuses on Hizb ut-Tahrir’s contribution to the revival of Islam in Crimea. Within Hizb ut-Tahrir focus, the work gives general trends of modern Islamic developments in Crimea. It also reviews the rebirth of Islamic literacy among Muslims and the factors that affected further dissemination of Islam in Crimea. The author argues that such Islamic organizations as Hizb ut-Tahrir have influenced the increase in Islamic literacy among Crimean Muslims. Spiritual Administration of...
  • Working Paper #
    40
    Frabricio Pesce & Victoria O'Shee
    El tema que ha sido objeto de la investigación supone la existencia una situación conflictiva por el territorio de Nagorno Karabagh, situado en el sur de la región Caucásica, que traducido significa “Jardín Negro Montañoso”, el cuál se autoproclamó estado independiente en 1991, aunque no es aún reconocido por la Comunidad Internacional. Ha sido motivo de disputa entre dos Estados, Armenia y Azerbaiján, que luego del colapso de la Unión Soviética, se vieron envueltos en una escalada tensiva por la posesión del mencionado territorio, aunque éste se declara independiente de cualquier Estado. Lo...
  • Working Paper #
    39
    Matías Battaglia
    Luego de fomentar la independencia de facto de repúblicas separatistas en el Cáucaso Sur y castigar duramente a Georgia reconociendo la independencia formal vía el Parlamento ruso, luego de la finalización de la guerra, Rusia ejecuta hoy en día cambios en su política regional y comienza a colocarse como “garante” de un acuerdo por el otro gran problema caucásico, Nagorno-Karabaj (1991-1994). A pesar de que en el conflicto3, y a posteriori -dada su alianza estratégica-, apoyó a Armenia, hoy en día Rusia está comenzando a tener lazos más significativos con Azerbaiján; cuestión que podría...
  • Working Paper #
    38
    Matías Battaglia
    Mucho se ha dicho durante los últimos tiempos sobre el aparente regreso de la Guerra Fría, de la cual parece ser su emblema el regreso de Rusia a aguas del Caribe. Ahora bien, cuando se analizan las reales causas del acercamiento del otrora centro del poder soviético al Hemisferio Occidental, se aprecian cambios significativos respecto a los “impulsores” de la política en relación a la década del 60’. En esta primera década del Siglo XXI paradójicamente la “expansión” se da, no por la política de Estados Unidos a nivel mundial pero sí, por los repetidos desacuerdos que Rusia mantiene con...
  • Working Paper #
    37
    Matías Battaglia
    Luego del colapso de la URSS, el principal actor en su interior y heredero, Rusia, entro en un proceso de reordenamiento interno que conllevó a una crisis profunda en sus estructuras fundamentales: el Partido Comunista, la KGB y las FFAA. Las dos primeras colapsaron, solamente las FFAA lograron “sobrevivir”, manteniendo su “gloria” fundacional -la derrota del ataque de la Alemania Nazi- conservando el rol de protectoras de la Nación1. El “resurgimiento” del nacionalismo ruso de V.Putin tiene amplias relaciones con la recuperación del papel de las FFAA, la necesidad de solucionar el problema...
  • Working Paper #
    36
    Valery Temnenko & Zeyneb Temnenko
    Many authors mention Crimea, when speaking about rebellious autonomous republics of former Soviet Union: Nagorny Karabakh, South Ossetia, Ichkeria (Chechnya), Abkhazia, Crimea, Pridnestrovie and Abkhazia. All of these republics except Crimea have experienced wars or other conflicts against their metropolitan countries. Some ambitious Crimean politicians claim to be peacekeepers in Crimea. Others, who are more prudent, talk about some mysterious mechanisms that “did not or do not let the ethnic conflicts occur”. Crimea’s peace custodian is a three-side conflict blocking system: “Crimean...
  • Working Paper #
    35
    Vassil Genchev
    The monopoly over the exercise of violence is the main defining element of states according to the Weberian ideal-type taxonomy. However, the ability to wield effective control over a fixed territory and to use physical force, extract taxes and operate a system of arbitration has been claimed and successfully attained by other actors. As suggested by some, the erosion of the state’s monopoly over legitimate organized violence has provided the fertile ground for the proliferation of ‘new wars’ over the past few decades. On the other hand, state authorities have often been complicit in most...
  • Working Paper #
    34
    Denis Kolga
    The Republic of Belarus has been an independent state on the European continent in its modern dimension for about sixteen years as a result of the collapse of one of the most powerful empires in the history of mankind – the former Soviet Union. Due to its favourable geographical position, being located on the crossroads of transit flows (West – East) of both goods and human resources, including tourists and migrants, between the countries of the European Union (EU) and the Russian Federation, Belarus has been gradually creating its own image, arguable from certain points of view of other...
  • Working Paper #
    33
    Nataliya Smorodinskaya
    The problem of Kaliningrad, in the form it has emerged after the 2004 enlargement of the European Union, stems from the region’s ambivalent economic position of being simultaneously inside and outside the EU territory, with no international regulations existing to reconcile this conflict. However, this situation looks puzzling only regarding historical retrospective. In the context of postmodern realities, Kaliningrad just fits into the new type of regionalization based on transborder cooperation and networking with the advancing EU neighbours. At the moment, the new Federal Law on the...
  • Working Paper #
    32
    Mikheil Kobaladze
    When at the outset of his presidency Vladimir Putin stated he did not exclude the possibility of Russia joining the NATO, 1 Western analysts and politicians were confounded. Madeleine Albright was quoted as saying that “he [Putin] was a ‘complicated’ man who should be judged by his deeds rather than his words.” The author believes bringing confusion in the West was the very intention of the new Russian president who never thought seriously of moving his country towards NATO membership, but who wanted to create an image of a democratic leader and win maximal possible gains.
  • Working Paper #
    31
    Anton Shynkaruk
    Modern political fight in Ukraine and Russia has common historical roots but models of political communication in these countries differ substantially. It is caused by both specific of structure of state power and national features of Ukraine and Russia. A difference was strengthened by presidential elections 2004 in Ukraine – Orange revolution which in Russia perceived as capture of power. At the same time participation of Russian political consultants in parliament and presidential elections in Ukraine showed that direct transference of experience of political fight from Russia to Ukraine...
  • Working Paper #
    23
    Maciej Falkowski
    The Chechen issue, which remains unresolved since the break-up of the Soviet Union, is one of the most difficult problems of today's Russia.Since 1991, the Chechen conflict has passed through four phases: the "Chechen revolution" and Dzhokhar Dudaev's rule (1991-1994), the first Chechen war (1994Ð-996), the period of Chechnya's quasi-independence (1996-1999) and the second Chechen war that began in 1999 and continues until now. Despite the fact that the Kremlin has taken certain measures to put an end to the conflict in the republic, these have not produced the desired results. On the...
  • Working Paper #
    22
    Nigina Zaripova
    This policy paper is based on the research Ms. Zaripova made in the period of November 1998-July 1999 in Tajikistan funded by the International OSI Policy Fellowship Program. My research and its findings are described in details in the attached report. This paper aims at summarising my thoughts as well as thoughts of interviewed people on advisable policy in Tajikistan in the field of freedom of expression. The media encounters many different factors providing its well functioning. As it is fully described: “The freedom and diversity of the media depend on the willingness of the authorities...
  • Working Paper #
    21
    German Economic Team in Belarus
    The current paper aims to identify the long-term economic interests of Belarus and Russia (Beltransgaz and Gazprom) in transiting Russian gas, and to see whether they are different or can be combined.European countries are the main consumer of Russian gas, 20% of which is delivered through Belarus. Future developments of the EU markets such as increased competition among gas-importing countries force Russia to diversify gas supply to Europe in order to minimize its supply cost. Hence, providing effective pipeline operations is also of crucial importance for transit countries such as Belarus...
  • Working Paper #
    20
    Proceedings of the International Conference
    The following is the proceedings of the international conference which took part in Tbilisi on 1-2 April, 1996. The publication is based on the tape recordings made during the conference. The views expressed belong to individuals only and do not represent positions of any organization or a government.
  • Working Paper #
    19
    Elena Andreeva & Natalia Golovanova
    The decentralization that took place in the Russian Federation in the course of economic and political reforms of the 1990s was a spontaneous process that lacked a clearly defined strategy. However, by the end of the century it had some significant achievements to its credit. One such achievement was that regional and local authorities were granted the right to independently plan their respective budgets. In line with the reform concept, a significant portion of expenditure responsibilities were assigned to RF regions and municipalities. At the same time the federal center retained the...
  • Working Paper #
    18
    Aitalina Azarova
    Elections are the tools designed for the population to hold government officials accountable, and the current project seeks to establish which elements of the electoral systems are essential in this task. There is, however, debate as to how effective different electoral systems are in promoting accountability, particularly in transition countries. To assess whether and how accountability mechanisms have worked in one specific context, the strategies involved and their consequences, the author examines evidence from recent Russian regional politics, utilising empirical data obtained via survey...
  • Working Paper #
    16
    International Center for Human Development
    The research paper summarizes the exsisting trends and obstacles of current economic developments in South Caucasus Republics - Armenia, Azerbaijan and Georgia - during the last decade. The paper has been developed on the basis of the three "country studies". Each of these is focused on one of the three South Caucasus countries' economic situation and was developed by the same countries' expert groups respectively. The ultimate goal of this publication is to identify the main "product groups" for potential trade and to help the different businesses to recognize their real losses from lack of...